Axarquia, Costa del Sol, Andalucia, Spain

NATIONAL & NATURAL PARKS

National and Natural Parks in Andalucia

Eighteen percent of Andalucia is protected land, the main classifications of which are National and Nature Parks. Fifty percent of Andalucia is mountainous and one third is above an altitude of 600 metres, including some extensive plateaus, and 46 peaks reach more than 1,00 metres. The Sierra Nevada mountain range (5) has two peaks, Mulhacen and Valeta, which are higher than 3,400 metres.

The Guadalquivir River, one of the longest in Spain, runs between two mountainous areas, the Sierra Morena mountains (which contain the Natural Parks 15, 16 and 17) to the north and the Betica ranges to the south. The river, whose source is in the Sierra de Cazorla Natural Park(10) in Jean Province in the east and estuary in the western marshlands on the Atlantic coast of the Donana National Park (18), has created a fertile valley running through Andalucia´s territory.

Andalucia is situated at the meeting point where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean, at the Staights of Gibraltar, and Europe gives way to Africa. The proximity between the two continents encourages migrating birds to collect together in vast flocks whilst waiting for good weather conditions to assist their outward and inward journeys.

The diversity of the topography and terrain allows many species of wildlife, some endangered, to exist and flourish in the protected terrestrial and marine reserves.

The map above shows the positon of the parks and below you can click on each for more information.

1. Montes de Malaga 2. Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama
Province: Malaga
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 5,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Malaga & Granada
Status: Natural Park - 1999
Area: 41,000 hectaresClick for more information
3. Sierra Subbetica 4. Sierra de Huetor
Province: Cordoba
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 32,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Granada
Status: Natural Area - 1989
Area: 12,000 hectaresClick for more information
5. Sierra Nevada 6. Sierra de Baza
Province: Granada & Almeria
Status: Biosphere Reserve - 1986, Natural Park - 1989, National Park - 1998
Area: 172,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Granada & Almeria
Status: Natural Park - 1989
 
Area: 54,000 hectaresClick for more information
7. Cabo de Gata-Nijar 8. Sierra de Maria Los Velez
Province: Almeria
Status: Natural Park - 1987
Area: 38,000 hectares land, 12,000 hectares marineClick for more information
Province: Almeria
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 22,000 hectaresClick for more information
9. Sierra de Castril 10. Sierra Cazorla, Segura y Villas
Province: Granada
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 12,300 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Jaen
Status: Biosphere Reserve - 1983, Natural Park - 1986
Area: 214,000 hectaresClick for more information
11. Sierra Magina 12. Despenaperros
Province: Jaen
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 20,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Jaen
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 8,000 hectaresClick for more information
13. Sierra de Andujar 14. Sierra de Cardena y Montoro
Province: Jaen
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 75,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Cordoba
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 41,000 hectaresClick for more information
15. Sierra de Hornachuelos 16. Sierra Norte de Sevilla
Province: Cordoba
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 60,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Seville
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 177,500 hectaresClick for more information
17. Aracena y Picos de Aroche 18. Donana National Park
Province: Huelva
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 187,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Huelva, Seville & Cadiz
Status: Natural Park - 1969, National Park - 1978, UNESCO World Heritage Site - 1994
Area: 54,000 hectaresClick for more information
19. Bahia de Cadiz 20. Brena y Marismas de Barbate
Province: Cadiz
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 10,500 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Cadiz
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 4,000 hectares land, 1,000 hectares marineClick for more information
21. El Estrecho 22. Los Alcornocales
Province: Cadiz
Status: Natural Park - 2003
Area: 10,000 hectares land, 9,500 marineClick for more information
Province: Cadiz & Malaga
Status: Natural Park - 1989
Area: 168,000 hectaresClick for more information
23. Sierra de Grazalema 24. Sierra de las Nieves
Province: Cadiz & Malaga
Status: UNESCO Biosphere Reserve - 1977, Natural Park - 1984
Area: 53,000 hectaresClick for more information
Province: Malaga
Status: UNESCO Biophere Reserve - 1983, Natural Park - 1989
Area: 20,000 hectaresClick for more information
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