The Medlar Fruit is known in Spain as a nispero. In America it is commonly reffered to as a loquat. Other names include pipa, biwa and Japanese medlar.
The Medlar tree is a small evergreen that can grow to a height of 15 feet. The trees originated in Asia and China and then appeared in Japan where
the fruit was used as a food source and for medicinal purposes. They now grow throughout the world in mild climates.
The trees also produce a small, attractive and fragrant white flower and so are often used for landscaping.
The fruits are oval in shape and between 1 and 2 inches in length. Depending on the type, the skin can be orange, yellow or peach in colour,
and the inner flesh can be orange, yellow or white. Although the skin can be eaten, it is usual just to eat the flesh. Each fruit contains between
two and five large seeds which are toxic and should never be eaten. The flesh has a sweet taste and juicy texture and contains vitamins A, B and C.